When you compare winter tyres vs summer tyres, you’ll note the difference in appearance. Summer tyres have much larger tread blocks and fewer sipes. This increases the amount of rubber that is in contact with the road. The result: better handling, braking stability and a shorter braking distance.
Another difference between winter and summer tyres is the tread depth. Summer tyres usually have a shallower tread depth compared to winter tyres. They do not need the same grip on the road as winter tyres would on snow. In turn, summer tyres are far more stable at higher speeds. This means they maintain their shape better and why summer tyres can run at a higher speed than winter tyres.
The main advantage of summer tyres is their optimised handling in both, wet and dry. This is partly due to the specially designed tyre tread bars. They offer you better grip length- and sideways, which is beneficial to minimising aquaplaning. Another advantage is the rubber compound.